Raising Ducklings and Goslings


White Chinese Geese

Breeds of Ducks

Use this table of duck breeds to compare all the different types of ducks for sale at Metzer Farms. This data comes from our experience on the farm, feedback from customers, and information gathered from researchers. With so many breeds offered at Metzer Farms, we want you to make the most informed choice. Depending if you want a duck specifically for egg or meat production, foraging, show, a pet, or one of the many other reasons people raise ducks, this will help you find the best duck breed for you.

Today most domesticated types of ducks originate from the wild Mallard and a few from the Muscovy. Ducks were domesticated in Asia, but now there are many different duck breeds developed for all different climates and applications.

Due to all our domesticated ducks originating from the mallard, any one of the breeds we sell can produce fertile progeny if they cross with any other breed. Ducks will fully integrate with all the other breeds we offer. Therefore, if you want purebred ducklings hatching from your ducks, you need to keep the breeds separate during the breeding season. Or you can let them cross and see what different shapes and colors you will get in their ducklings. What will you get if you cross a Mallard with a Fawn & White Runner, or a Cayuga and a Pekin, or a Khaki Campbell with a White Layer?

BreedTemperamentWeight (1) Egg Prod. (2)MotheringBluish Eggs Egg Size (3)Fertility (4)
Black SwedishCalm5 - 6.25 # 130 - 180 /yr.Fair20 % 80 - 90 grams85 %
Black RunnerNervous3.25 - 4 # 100 - 180 /yr.Poor - Fair70 % 65 - 80 grams84 %
Blue RunnerNervous3.25 - 4 # 100 - 180 /yr.Poor - Fair70 % 65 - 80 grams84 %
Blue SwedishCalm5 - 6.25 # 120 - 180 /yr.FairLess Than 5 % 80 - 95 grams85 %
BuffCalm5 - 6.25 # 130 - 180 /yr.Fair20 % 80 - 90 grams85 %
CayugaCalm4.75 - 6 # 130 - 180 /yr.FairLess Than 2 % 75 - 90 grams83 %
Chocolate RunnerNervous3.25 - 4 # 100 - 180 /yr.Poor - Fair75 % 65 - 80 grams86 %
Fawn and White RunnerNervous3.25 - 4 # 100 - 180 /yr.Poor - Fair35 % 65 - 80 grams86 %
Jumbo PekinVery Calm9 - 13.5 # 140 - 175 /yr.PoorLess Than 2 % 90 - 100 grams85 %
Golden 300 Hybrid LayerCalm4.5 - 5.75 # 200 - 290 /yr.Fair5 % 75 - 90 grams93 %
Grimaud Hybrid PekinCalm8 - 12.25 # 150 - 200 /yr.PoorLess Than 2 % 90 - 100 grams89 %
Khaki CampbellNervous3.5 - 4.5 # 165 - 210 /yr.GoodLess Than 5 % 75 - 85 grams87 %
MallardCalm2.25 - 2.5 # 60 -120 /yr.Very Good70 % 65 - 75 grams90 %
PekinCalm7 - 13.5 # 140 - 220 /yr.PoorLess Than 2 % 90 - 100 grams89 %
RouenCalm5 - 7.25 # 140 - 180 /yr.Good35 % 80 - 95 grams87 %
Welsh HarlequinVery Calm4.5 - 5.5 # 150 - 200 /yr.GoodLess Than 2 % 75 -85 grams75 %
White CrestedNervous6 - 7.25 # 100 - 130 /yr.Poor - FairLess Than 2 % 80 - 90 grams83 %
White LayerCalm4.5 - 5.75 # 200 - 290 /yr.Fair1-2 % 75 - 90 grams93 %
(1) These are the weights of our breeders during lay. For maximum egg production, their weight has been controlled.
(2) The lower numbers are if no artificial lights are used, the upper numbers are if artificial lights are used to
     maintain 17 hours of light during lay.
(3) One ounce = 28.5 grams
(4) This is the average fertility we get from our breeders during an entire season of lay (35-45 weeks of lay).
(5) The Livestock Conservancy ranks most poultry breeds on how rare they are.
     For more information, go to www.livestockconservancy.org.
(6) Summary of comments from waterfowl judges that have visited our farm.

BreedAPA ClassForaging Ability Conservation
Status (5)
Our Show Quality (6)Flying Ability Origin
Black SwedishMediumGood WatchAverageNone Germany
Black RunnerLightVery Good RecoveringAverageNone Indonesia
Blue RunnerLightVery Good RecoveringAverageNone Indonesia
Blue SwedishMediumGood WatchAverageNone Germany
BuffMediumGood ThreatenedAverageNone England
CayugaMediumGood ThreatenedExcellent Color, Good TypeNone USA
Chocolate RunnerLightVery Good RecoveringAverageNone Indonesia
Fawn and White RunnerLightVery Good RecoveringAverageNone Indonesia
Jumbo PekinHeavyFair AbundantGood for Meat ClassesNone China
Golden 300 Hybrid LayerN/AGood No RankNot ShownNone Metzer Farms
Grimaud Hybrid PekinHeavyFair No RankMeat Class OnlyNone France
Khaki CampbellLightVery Good WatchFairly Good TypeMaybe England
MallardBantamVery Good AbundantToo "Chunky"Very Good Native to North America
PekinHeavyFair AbundantMeat Class OnlyNone China
RouenHeavyGood WatchNot For ExhibitionMaybe France
Welsh HarlequinLightGood CriticalAbove AverageNone Wales
White CrestedMediumFair No RankExcellent BreedersNone Holland
White LayerN/AGood No RankNot For ExhibitionNone Metzer Farms

Pekins are the most popular type of duck in North America for Commercial Meat Duck Production. Breeding stock from France is imported to give our customers the most efficient, meaty and profitable duck. Pekins are the fastest growing breed and dress very well after processing because of their white feathers. These birds are successfully used by some of our customers for pasture grown ducks. They are not bred for this type of growing, but do well due to the natural hardiness and disease resistance of all ducks.

Khaki Campbells are commonly known for their exceptional egg laying capability. The Golden 300 and White Layer are two breeds developed here at Metzer Farms to maximize duck egg production. With proper care and management, these ducks will outperform the better known Pekins, Khaki Campbells, Runners or Welsh Harlequin. The Golden 300 and White Layer ducks are ideal if you are looking to meet a growing market for fresh duck eggs. There is also a steady demand for balut or salted eggs in most local Asian markets.

Metzer Farms is a proud board member and sponsor of The Livestock Conservatory. We actively participate in the preservation of rare heritage duck breeds and encourage others to help increase the population of many of the endangered domestic duck breeds. You can find a list of all officially recognized breeds by the American Poultry Association (APA), the Poultry Club of Great Britain (PCGB), The Australian Poultry Standards, and the European Association of Poultry-, Pigeon- and Rabbit breeders (EE).

Glossary of Terms  |   Suggestions  |   Metzer Farms Catalog  |   Our Privacy Policy  |   Contact Us

- Site By Function First Design -

Google