Duck, Goose , Chicken & Game Bird Hatchery

Duck Breed Comparison Table




 

Use this table of duck breeds to compare all the different types of ducks for sale at Metzer Farms. This data comes from our experience on the farm, feedback from customers, and information gathered from researchers. With so many breeds offered at Metzer Farms, we want you to make the most informed choice. Depending if you want a duck specifically for egg or meat production, foraging, show, a pet, or one of the many other reasons people raise ducks, this will help you find the best duck breed for you.

Today most domesticated types of ducks originate from the wild Mallard and a few from the Muscovy. Ducks were domesticated in Asia, but now there are many different duck breeds developed for all different climates and applications.

Due to all our domesticated ducks originating from the mallard, any one of the breeds we sell can produce fertile progeny if they cross with any other breed. Ducks will fully integrate with all the other breeds we offer. Therefore, if you want purebred ducklings hatching from your ducks, you need to keep the breeds separate during the breeding season. Or you can let them cross and see what different shapes and colors you will get in their ducklings. What will you get if you cross a Mallard with a Fawn & White Runner, or a Cayuga and a Pekin, or a Khaki Campbell with a White Layer?

Breed Temperament Weight (1) Egg Prod. (2) Mothering Bluish Eggs Egg Size (3) Fertility (4)
Black Swedish Calm 5 - 6.25 # 130 - 180 /yr. Fair 20 % 80 - 90 grams 85 %
Black Runner Nervous 3.25 - 4 # 100 - 180 /yr. Poor - Fair 70 % 65 - 80 grams 84 %
Blue Runner Nervous 3.25 - 4 # 100 - 180 /yr. Poor - Fair 70 % 65 - 80 grams 84 %
Blue Swedish Calm 5 - 6.25 # 120 - 180 /yr. Fair Less Than 5 % 80 - 95 grams 85 %
Buff Calm 5 - 6.25 # 130 - 180 /yr. Fair 20 % 80 - 90 grams 85 %
Cayuga Calm 4.75 - 6 # 130 - 180 /yr. Fair Less Than 2 % 75 - 90 grams 83 %
Chocolate Runner Nervous 3.25 - 4 # 100 - 180 /yr. Poor - Fair 75 % 65 - 80 grams 86 %
Fawn and White Runner Nervous 3.25 - 4 # 100 - 180 /yr. Poor - Fair 35 % 65 - 80 grams 86 %
Jumbo Pekin Very Calm 9 - 13.5 # 140 - 175 /yr. Poor Less Than 2 % 90 - 100 grams 85 %
Golden 300 Hybrid Layer Calm 4.5 - 5.75 # 200 - 290 /yr. Fair 5 % 75 - 90 grams 93 %
Grimaud Hybrid Pekin Calm 8 - 12.25 # 150 - 200 /yr. Poor Less Than 2 % 90 - 100 grams 89 %
Khaki Campbell Nervous 3.5 - 4.5 # 165 - 240 /yr. Good Less Than 5 % 75 - 85 grams 87 %
Mallard Calm 2.25 - 2.5 # 60 -120 /yr. Very Good 70 % 65 - 75 grams 90 %
Pekin Calm 8 - 12.25 # 150 - 200 /yr. Poor Less Than 2 % 90 - 100 grams 89 %
Rouen Calm 5 - 7.25 # 140 - 180 /yr. Good 35 % 80 - 95 grams 87 %
Saxony Calm 6.5-8.5# 110 - 175 /yr. Average 2 - 4 % 80 - 90 grams 85 %
Silver Appleyard Calm 7-9# 120 - 175 /yr. Very Good 0 - 1 % 85 - 95 grams 85 %
Welsh Harlequin Very Calm 4.5 - 5.5 # 100 - 150 /yr. Good Less Than 2 % 75 -85 grams 75 %
White Crested Nervous 6 - 7.25 # 100 - 130 /yr. Poor - Fair Less Than 2 % 80 - 90 grams 83 %
White Layer Calm 4.5 - 5.75 # 200 - 290 /yr. Fair 1-2 % 75 - 90 grams 93 %

 

Breed APA Class Foraging Ability Conservation
Status (5)
Our Show Quality (6) Flying Ability Origin
Black Swedish Medium Good Watch Average None Germany
Black Runner Light Very Good Recovering Average None Indonesia
Blue Runner Light Very Good Recovering Average None Indonesia
Blue Swedish Medium Good Watch Average None Germany
Buff Medium Good Threatened Average None England
Cayuga Medium Good Watch Excellent Color, Good Type None USA
Chocolate Runner Light Very Good Recovering Average None Indonesia
Fawn and White Runner Light Very Good Recovering Average None Indonesia
Jumbo Pekin Heavy Fair Abundant Good for Meat Classes None China
Golden 300 Hybrid Layer N/A Good No Rank Not Shown None Metzer Farms
Grimaud Hybrid Pekin Heavy Fair No Rank Meat Class Only None France
Khaki Campbell Light Very Good Watch Fairly Good Type Maybe England
Mallard Bantam Very Good Abundant Too "Chunky" Very Good Native to North America
Pekin Heavy Fair Abundant Meat Class Only None China
Rouen Heavy Good Plenty Not For Exhibition Maybe France
Saxony Heavy Good Threatened Very Good None Germany
Silver Appleyard Heavy Very Good Threatened Very Good None England
Welsh Harlequin Light Good Watch Above Average None Wales
White Crested Medium Fair No Rank Excellent Breeders None Holland
White Layer N/A Good No Rank Not For Exhibition None Metzer Farms

 

(1) These are the weights of our breeders during lay. For maximum egg production, their weight has been controlled.
(2) The lower numbers are if no artificial lights are used, the upper numbers are if artificial lights are used to maintain 17 hours of light during lay.
(3) One ounce = 28.5 grams
(4) This is the average fertility we get from our breeders during an entire season of lay (35-45 weeks of lay).
(5) The Livestock Conservancy ranks most poultry breeds on how rare they are.
For more information, go to www.livestockconservancy.org.
(6) Summary of comments from waterfowl judges that have visited our farm.


Pekins are the most popular type of duck in North America for Commercial Meat Duck Production. Breeding stock from France is imported to give our customers the most efficient, meaty and profitable duck. Pekins are the fastest growing breed and dress very well after processing because of their white feathers. These birds are successfully used by some of our customers for pasture grown ducks. They are not bred for this type of growing, but do well due to the natural hardiness and disease resistance of all ducks.

Khaki Campbells are commonly known for their exceptional egg laying capability. The Golden 300 and White Layer are two breeds developed here at Metzer Farms to maximize duck egg production. With proper care and management, these ducks will outperform the better known Pekins, Khaki Campbells, Runners or Welsh Harlequin. The Golden 300 and White Layer ducks are ideal if you are looking to meet a growing market for fresh duck eggs. There is also a steady demand for balut or salted eggs in most local Asian markets.

Metzer Farms is a proud board member and sponsor of The Livestock Conservatory. We actively participate in the preservation of rare heritage duck breeds and encourage others to help increase the population of many of the endangered domestic duck breeds. You can find a list of all officially recognized breeds by the American Poultry Association (APA), the Poultry Club of Great Britain (PCGB), and The Australian Poultry Standards.